Intellectual Property (IP) and Information Technology (IT) is a broad area of the law that encompasses computer science and technology, the design and implementation of information systems and applications, and the related fields of trademark, copyright, and patent law. These fields present both first party risks (e.g. interruption of service, destruction of data, software, and hardware, and improper use of proprietary and confidential information) and third party risks (e.g. defamation, invasion of privacy, harassment, professional liability, directors' and officers' liability, trademark, copyright and patent infringement, and breach of contract).